• Paulus Dimas Prabowo Sekolah Tinggi Teologi Injili Indonesia - Yogyakarta
Keywords: makna, Perjamuan Kudus, 1 Korintus


The holy communion is a special and sacred gathering for believers, as an occasion where they partake of the body and blood of Christ through the bread and wine. Some Christians respond to the holy communion enthusiastically through various meanings, for example as the real presence of the Lord Jesus in bread and wine (transubstantiation), a means of healing the sick, and as a moment of reconciliation between church members. Others are not very enthusiastic in taking part this sacrament. Thus some Christians see the holy communion as having a supernatural and social function, but some do not understand its function at all. Through a combination of biblical methods and the psychology of religion, this article attempts to present the meaning of the holy communion which is lifted from 1 Corinthians 10-11 through a thematic analysis method and looks at its function from the lens of the psychology of religion. As the results, holy communion can be interpreted as koinonia, eucharistia, memorabilia, kerugma, and self-schema, while its functions include cognitive, emotive, and collective aspects.

Perjamuan kudus merupakan pertemuan khusus dan kudus bagi orang percaya, sebagai kesempatan dimana jemaat mengambil bagian dalam tubuh dan darah Kristus melalui roti dan anggur. Sebagian orang Kristen meresponi perjamuan kudus dengan antusias melalui bermacam-macam pemaknaan, misalnya sebagai kehadiran nyata Tuhan Yesus dalam roti dan anggur (transsubstansiasi), sarana penyembuhan sakit-penyait, dan sebagai moment rekonsiliasi antar anggota jemaat. Sebagian lagi tidak terlalu bergairah dalam mengambil bagian dan memaknai sakramen ini. Dengan demikian sebagian orang Kristen melihat perjamuan kudus memiliki fungsi supranatural dan sosial, tetapi sebagian lagi tidak memahami fungsinya sama sekali. Melalui perpaduan antara metode biblika dan psikologi agama, artikel ini bertujuan untuk menyajikan makna perjamuan kudus yang diangkat dari 1 Korintus 10-11 melalui metode analisis tematis dan melihat fungsi dari sudut pandang psikologi agama. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa perjamuan kudus dapat dimaknai sebagai koinonia, eucharistia, memorabilia, kerugma, dan self-schema, sedangkan fungsinya meliputi aspek kognitif, emotif, dan kolektif. 


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